Lifecycle inventory analysis of concrete production A

Lifecycle inventory analysis of concrete production A


PDF Life Cycle Assessment - Example 1

Life Cycle Assessment - Example 1 How was the Inventory Analysis drawn up? In the following paragraph the details of drawing up an inventory analysis should be described more precisely. The time scope and the demands on the amounts of data could be The production of propylene was inventoried from the removal of the raw materials off the

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Substantial global carbon uptake by cement carbonation

Cement production is a source of CO2. Analysis of carbonation, a process that sequesters CO2 during the lifetime of cement, suggests that between 1930 and 2013, it has offset 43% of CO2 emissions

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PDF AIA Guide to Building Life Cycle Assessment in Practice

CMU Concrete Masonry Unit DPWS Department of Public Works and Services EIO-LCA Economic Input Output - Life Cycle Assessment LCEA Life Cycle Energy Analysis LCI Life Cycle Inventory LCIA Life Cycle Impact Assessment LCM Life Cycle Management LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design

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Life Cycle Assessment - Food and Agriculture Organization

Life cycle inventory analysis The life cycle inventory (LCI) indicates the relevant inputs and outputs of a product system. It includes on the input side energy (electric and thermal) and materials (raw materials, semi-fabricated products, supporting and operating materials) and on the output side products, by-products and releases to air

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Comparative LCA of concrete with recycled aggregates: a

Data on the production of concrete in the concrete plant have been extrapolated from the study by Marinković et al. , in which a life cycle analysis of a traditional concrete is drawn up. For the aforementioned study, 5575 kWh of electricity is needed for the production of 1 m 3 of ready-to-use concrete.

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The Utilization of Recycled Materials for Concrete and

The world production of concrete has been twelve times increased during last six decades. Nowadays, nearly one ton of concrete is produced each year for every human being in the world on average. On one hand, the use of recycled materials in cement and concrete production helps to reduce raw materials and urban land occupation.

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PDF 00*00#*1'+-+234+56+7(18+ '9&:(1*0+ !

Comparative life cycle assessment of 2.0 MW wind turbines 171 1 Introduction Due to fossil fuel-based electricity production, greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide emissions are released into the environment (Jeswiet and Hauschild, 2008). A 2012 report from the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) showed that

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PCA - The Portland Cement Association - America's Cement

Portland Cement Association. 5420 Old Orchard Road; Skokie, Illinois 60077-1083; 847.966.6200 ; 200 Massachusetts Ave NW, Suite 200; Washington D.C., 20001

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A LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND LIFE CYCLE COST

Life Cycle Inventory Life Cycle Cost Analysis.. 32 3.4.1. CDOT Life Cycle Cost Analysis Specification attributed to concrete production. The manufacture of portland cement is responsible for 5-7% of global anthropogenic CO 2

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Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Steel and Concrete

According to Figure 1, the LCA method includes four stages, namely, goal and scope definition, life cycle inventory analysis, life cycle impact assessment, and life cycle interpretations; and all of them are interrelated . For the production of 1 m 3 of concrete, roughly 76% of gravel and 24% of Portland cement are required.

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PDF Life Cycle Assessment of Portland Cement and Concrete Bridge

production of raw materials and transports during the life cycle of the concrete bridge, are main contributors to total CO 2 emissions. Among raw materials, cement production has the highest CO 2 emissions. Energy consumption is mainly related to concrete and concrete products production. CO 2

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Life Cycle Analysis of Recycled Aggregate in Concrete

IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering | Volume 5 | Issue 2 | August 2018 ISSN (online): 2349-784X Life Cycle Analysis of Recycled Aggregate in Concrete Production Pallavi Shelke S. S. Deshmukha PG Student Professor Department of Civil Engineering Department of Civil Engineering KJCOE, Pune, India KJCOE, Pune, India Abstract Recycling of concrete waste as an

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LIFE CYCLE COST MODEL FOR EVALUATING THE

Advances in Life-Cycle Cost Analysis and Design of Civil Infrastructure Systems 145 Figure 2. Integration of Traffic Flow, Life Cycle Inventory, and Life Cycle Cost Models for the conventional steel-reinforced concrete system, and 60 years for the ECC system. The

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PCA R&D Serial No. 3007 - Stanford University

Concrete, energy, emission, life cycle inventory ABSTRACT A life cycle inventory (LCI) is a compilation of the energy and material inputs and the emissions to air, land, and water associated with the manufacture of a product, operation of a process, or provision of a service. This report is the second update of Environmental Life Cycle Inventory of

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PDF Life Cycle Assessment of Pre-cast Concrete Vs. Cast-in

methods, pre-cast and cast-in-place concrete. Life Cycle Inventory results as well as mid-point results for the environmental impacts categories of global warming potential (GWP), acidification, and eutrophication are presented in graphical format. 4.1 Life Cycle Inventory Results Life cycle inventory results are presented in this section.

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US EPA Life Cycle Assessment: Principles and Practice

Key Steps of a Life Cycle Inventory EPA's 1993 document, "Life-Cycle Assessment: Inventory Guidelines and Principles," and 1995 document, "Guidelines for Assessing the Quality of Life Cycle Inventory Analysis," provide the framework for performing an inventory analysis and assessing the quality of the data used and the results.

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PDF The Life Cycle of LED - Lighting Metropolis

Cleaner Production 93 (2015) 234- 242. • Tähkämö, L. (2015). Life cycle assessment of light sources - Case studies and review of the analyses. Aalto University. Doctoral dissertations. • United States Department of Energy. (2012). "Life-Cycle Assessment of Energy and Environmental Impacts of LED Lighting Products.

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Life Cycle Thinking - PlasticsEurope

Life Cycle Impact Assessment, LCIA Evaluation of the environmental relevance of material and energy flows (e.g. with regard to resource depletion or global warming potential). Life Cycle Inventory, LCI An input/output analysis of material and energy flows from operations along product system; PlasticsEurope also uses the term Eco-profile.

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PDF Life Cycle Assessment of Buildings: A Practice Guide

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is the rapidly evolving science of illuminating these impacts in terms of their quality, severity, and duration. A building generates environmental impacts throughout its life cycle. The various stages of a typical life cycle as defined in LCA are: • A: the production and construction stages, • B: the use stage,

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PDF] Life cycle inventory analysis of the production of

Material flows and emissions in all the stages of production of zinc, copper, aluminum, cadmium, indium, germanium, gallium, selenium, tellurium, and molybdenum were investigated. These metals are used selectively in the manufacture of solar cells, and emission and energy factors in their production are used in the life cycle analysis (LCA) of photovoltaics. Significant changes have occurred

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PDF) Life cycle assessment of environmental impacts of

Figure 15:Waste produced in the various production stages for the concrete model Figure 16: Waste produced in the various life cycle stages for the timber model Figure 17: Waste produced in the various production stages for the timber model V. Conclusion And Recommendation From the various comparative tests and analysis carried out on both

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A global life cycle assessment for primary zinc production

Purpose The purpose of this study was to update the average environmental impacts of global primary zinc production using a life cycle assessment (LCA) approach. This study represents the latest contribution from zinc producers, which historically established the first life cycle inventory for primary zinc production in 1998 (Western Europe) and the first global LCA-based cradle-to-gate study

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Life cycle inventory analysis program for road

The Finnish LCA-database and inventory analysis program for road construction was developed as a part of the Technology Development Centre's (Tekes) Environmental Geotechnology Programme.In the first stage of the study a life-cycle impact assessment procedure for the comparison and evaluation of alternative road and earth constructions was proposed.Additionally, a database containing the

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PDF Life-cycle Assessment (LCA) of concrete mixtures

Mechanical properties, durability, and life-cycle assessment of self-consolidating concrete mixtures made with blended portland cements containing fly ash and limestone powder. Cement and Concrete Composites, 56, 59-72 Life Cycle Assessment Framework Goal and Scope Definition Inventory Analysis Impact Assessment Interpretation Direct Applications

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Life Cycle Optimization of Household Refrigerator-Freezer

Chapter 2 describes the method and basic concepts of life cycle assessment (LCA) and life cycle optimization (LCO). First, the life cycle inventory (LCI), which is a collection of inputs and outputs of materials, energy and waste within a system boundary of a product, is explained. Then, a dynamic life cycle inventory is developed based on a

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PDF Life cycle assessment of distribution vehicles Battery

with all the stages of the life cycle of a product, from raw materials acquisition through production, use and disposal. It gives a holistic approach to the environmental impacts and avoids shifting of burdens. The 4 stages of the LCA are: goal and scope definition, life cycle inventory, life cycle impact assessment and interpretation.

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